Cairo (Al-Qahirah), which means "The Vanquisher"
or "The Triumphant", is the capital city of Egypt.
While Al-Qahirah is the official name of the city, in Egyptian
Arabic it commonly shares the dialect's name for the country,
transliteration: Misr. It has a metropolitan area population
of about 17.285 million people. Cairo is the sixteenth most
populous metropolitan area in the world. It is also the
most populous metropolitan area in Africa .
was founded in AD 969 as the royal enclosure for the Fatimid
caliphs, while the actual economic and administrative capital
was in nearby Fustat. After Fustat was destroyed in 1168/1169
to prevent its capture by the Crusaders, the administrative
capital of Egypt moved to Cairo, where it has remained ever